Australia and the UNSC
The Security Council has 20 subsidiary bodies which help manage the Council’s agenda. Australia is working to ensure the Council’s sanctions regimes are implemented effectively in ways that support the Council’s political objectives.
These committees are chaired by elected members of the Council. Thirteen committees administer specific sanctions regimes, including the three committees chaired by the Australia:
- the Committee established by Security Council Resolution 1267 (the “1267 Committee”) to administer sanctions targeting Al-Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities
- the Committee established by Security Council Resolution 1988 (the “1988 Committee”) to administer sanctions targeting the Taliban and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities constituting a threat to the peace, stability and security of Afghanistan
- and the Committee established by Security Council Resolution 1737 (the “1737 Committee”) to administer sanctions targeting Iran’s proliferation sensitive nuclear and missile programs and imposing an arms embargo
Sanctions are one of the key tools available to the Security Council to use in response to challenges to international peace and security. They take the form of bans, or strict controls, on the trade in specified goods and services with a particular country, or on financial dealings with designated persons and entities, or on the travel of designated persons. Depending upon the nature of the particular threat to international peace and security, the imposition of sanctions aims to achieve one or both of the following objectives: to create negotiating leverage for the international community in its efforts to resolve a particular security challenge; and to mitigate the actual or potential harm generated by that security challenge.
In addition to the sanctions committees, there are two committees dedicated to administering Security Council resolutions of a general nature, and five working groups that are focused on important thematic issues, such as peacekeeping, and issues relating to children and armed conflict.