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Useful Information
About Australia

Political System

  • Parliamentary democracy
  • Federation of eight states and territories
  • Capital city – Canberra
  • National Day – 26 January

Geography and population

  • Area: 7.74 million square kilometres
  • Population: 22.3 million
  • Located in the Asia-Pacific, bridging the Indian and Pacific Oceans

Official language

  • English
  • Australians speak more than 260 languages (including many Indigenous languages).
  • More than 15 per cent of Australians speak a language other than English at home.

Unique and Protected

Australia was one of the first countries to ratify the World Heritage Convention (1974). Today, we have 18 World Heritage listed sites, including the Great Barrier Reef, Uluru and Kakadu National Park. Our experience conserving our own heritage informs our contribution to global efforts to protect the environment, including through membership of the World Heritage Committee.

Australia has almost 10 per cent of the world’s biodiversity, including a great number of plants, animals and birds that exist nowhere else in the world.

Australia: Making a difference for the small and medium countries of the world